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Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common infection that is transmitted by skin to skin or sexual contact depending on the type of HPV. Some types can cause cancer in both men and women.
Meningitis is an infection of the lining near your brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can have multiple causes, including viruses and bacteria.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that the three doses of the HPV vaccine be given between the ages 11-12 because the vaccine provides the most protection when given prior to any HPV exposure.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the meningitis vaccine for specific groups like young adults ages 11-18 and for college freshman living in a dorm.
You can get either vaccine at your doctor’s office.
The HPV vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women because it is most effective prior to sexual contact and not well studied in pregnancy.
If you are at risk to get bacterial meningitis, it is recommended that you get the meningitis vaccine, regardless of whether or not you are pregnant. More specifically, the MPSV4 vaccine is preferred over the MCV4 vaccine during pregnancy, since there is currently no published information about the safety of the MCV4 vaccine during pregnancy.
The HPV vaccine is actually a series of 3 shots at a time. After the first shot, you get another one 2 months later and then another 6 months after the first dose.
For the meningitis vaccine, MCV4 is one time vaccine (gets confusing since beside meningococcal, there are vaccines for Hib and pneumococcal vaccine).
Sometimes there are no symptoms of HPV or someone with HPV may have flesh-colored genital warts.
The most common symptoms include headache, stiff neck, and high fever.
OTIS stands for the “Organization of Teratology Information Specialists.” The word “teratology” means the study of birth defects caused by certain exposures like medicines, infections, or chemicals. OTIS educates women about exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding and many times can reassure women that something they were worried about is unlikely or could not cause a problem for the baby. OTIS also researches exposures where there is little known about how they might or might not affect pregnancy or breastfeeding.