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Fact Sheets

 

The experts behind MotherToBaby have created fact sheets that answer frequently asked questions about exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding. MotherToBaby Fact Sheets are available in both English and Spanish and can be downloaded for free. Currently available fact sheets are listed below by category of exposure. All medications are listed by generic name. The generic name can be found on your prescription or medication packaging listed as the Active Ingredient, or in parentheses after the medication’s brand name.
 
MotherToBaby Fact Sheets are meant for general information purposes and should not replace the advice of your health care provider. If you have additional questions, or if you do not see your topic of interest listed below, please call us toll-FREE at 1-866-626-6847 to speak with a MotherToBaby expert.

 

Medications                                       Herbal Products                     Infections and Vaccines    

Maternal Medical Conditions                Illicit Substances                   Other Common Exposures

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Medications
  Abatacept (Orencia®) English Español  
  Acetaminophen (Tylenol®) English Español  
Acyclovir (Zovirax®)/Valacyclovir (Valtrex®) English Español  
  Adalimumab (Humira®) English Español  
  Albuterol English Español  
Antiviral Medications to Treat/Prevent Influenza (Flu) English Español  
Benzodiazepines English Español  
  Bisphosphonate English Español  
  Bupropion (Wellbutrin®) English Español  
Calcium Carbonate English  
Carbamazepine (Tegretol®) English Español  
Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia®) English Español  
  Chemotherapy English Español  
Ciprofloxacin English Español  
Citalopram (Celexa®)/Escitalopram (Lexapro®) English Español  
  Corticosteroids - inhaled English Español  
  DEET (N,N-ethyl-m-toluamide) English Español  
Diphenhydramine English Español  
  Docusate sodium English Español  
  Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT) English Español  
Etanercept (Enbrel®) English Español  
  Finasateride (Propecia®) English Español  
Fluconazole (Diflucan®) English Español  
  Fluoxetine (Prozac®) English Español  
  Formoterol English Español  
Ibuprofen English Español  
Infliximab (Remicade®) English Español  
Isotretinoin (Accutane®) English Español  
  Leflunomide (Arava®) English Español  
  Lithium English Español  
  Loratadine (Claritin®) English Español  
  Medroxyprogesterone depot injection (Depo Provera®) English Español  
  Metformin (Glucophage®) English Español  
  Methamphetamine / Dextroamphetamine English Español  
Methotrexate English Español  
  Metronidazole (Flagyl®) English Español  
  Miconazole & Clotrimazole English Español  
  Miglustat English Español  
  Mirtazapine (Remeron®) English Español  
  Montelukast (Singulair®) English Español  
  Opioids (prescription) English Español  
Paroxetine (Paxil®) English Español  
  Pseudoephedrine and Phenylephrine English Español  
  Phentermine English Español  
  Prednisone/Prednisolone English Español  
  Risperidone (Risperdal®) English Español  
  Salmeterol English Español  
Sertraline (Zoloft®) English Español  
Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim (Bactrim®),(Septra®) English Español  
Tetracycline English Español  
Thalidomide English Español  
  Tocilizumab (Actemra®) English Español  
  Trazodone (Desyrel®) and Nefazodone (Serzone®) English Español  
  Tretinoin (Retin-A®) English Español  
  Valproic Acid English Español  
  Venlafaxine (Effexor®) English Español  
         

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Herbal Products
  Echinacea English Español  
St. John's Wort (hypericum) English Español  
         

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Infections and Vaccines
  Chicken pox (varicella) and vaccine English Español  
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) English Español  
  E. coli English Español  
Fifth disease (parvovirus) English Español  
  H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) English Español  
  Hepatitis A English Español  
  HPV Vaccine English Español  
  Hyperthermia (fever) English Español  
  Listeriosis English Español  
  Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV) English Español  
Meningococcal Disease (Bacterial Meningitis) Vaccine English Español  
  MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) Virus and Vaccine English Español  
  Seasonal Influenza English Español  
Seasonal Influenza Vaccine English Español  
Staphylococcus Aureus English Español  
Tetanus, Diptheria & Pertussis (Tdap) Vaccine English Español  
Toxoplasmosis English Español  
  Vaccines English Español  
  Vibrio English Español  
  West Nile Virus English Español  
         

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Maternal Medical Conditions
  Asthma English Español  
  Breastfeeding Following a Natural Disaster English Español  
  Diabetes English Español  
  Depression English Español  
Exercise English Español  
  Gaucher Disease English Español  
Inflammatory Bowel Disease English Español  
  Lice and Scabies (Piojos y Sarna) English Español  
  Lupus English Español  
Maternal PKU English Español  
Nausea and Vomiting English French    
  Stress English Español  
         

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Illicit Substances
Cocaine English Español  
  Marijuana English Español  
  Methamphetamine / Dextroamphetamine English Español  
         

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Other Common Exposures
Alcohol English Español  
  Caffeine English Español  
Carbon Monoxide English Español  
Cigarette Smoking English
Hair treatments English Español  
Hyperthermia (hot tubs, saunas) English Español  
  Iodine English Español  
  Lead English Español  
  Methylmercury (fish) English Español  
  Mold English Español  
Paint English Español  
Paternal exposures English Español  
  Pesticides English Español  
  Reproductive Hazards of the Workplace English Español  
  Self-Tanners English Español  
Topical Acne Treatments English Español  
         

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  Participation in Research Studies English Español  
         

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Fact Sheets

Find an Affiliate

Paroxetine (Paxil®)

While not every study agrees, Paxil use in the first trimester may cause a 1% increase in heart defects. See our FACT SHEET

Stress

It is unlikely that stress alone is able to cause physical birth defects. See our FACT SHEET.